Bunions What are bunions? A bunion, (formally known as hallux valgus), is a bump that sticks out on the side of the big toe, causing it to tilt towards the second toe, creating misalignment in the foot. This condition develops over time, with the big toe slightly leaning at first, before it eventually changes the alignment of the bones in the foot and permanently alters its appearance. While it is possible to be genetically predisposed to bunions, it is not actually the bunion that is passed along, but the type of foot that is more likely to be vulnerable to bunions instead. What are the symptoms of bunions? The most prevalent symptoms of bunions include skin irritation and redness in the surrounding area, pain when walking, noticeable discomfort in the average shoe, requiring a person to purchase a larger size to create more room for the bunion and reduce pain and swelling. How do we treat bunions? We use physical therapy techniques such as stretching the foot and strengthening the surrounding muscles to take pressure off of the bunion, reduce pain and swelling, and help slow its development. If you have undergone removal surgery, we will help you get back on your feet and regain your mobility.